Muhammad Haniff Hassan is Associate Research Fellow at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU) where he specializes in counter-ideology. He has a Master degree in Strategic Studies from NTU and currently a PhD candidate of the same program there. He also holds a degree in Islamic Studies.
In legitimizing their acts of terror, al-Qaeda and Indonesia’s Jemaah Islamiah (JI) frequently draw inspiration from the anti-Soviet Afghan jihad experience of the 1980s. To what extent, however, does the