The September Issue of Militant Leadership Monitor focuses on militant leaders in Africa and the Middle East. In the first brief, Nicholas A. Heras analyzes an Iraqi Shiite militia leader who has vowed vengeance if the United States and its Allies launch a strike on Syria. The second brief looks at Syrian opposition organization Liwa al-Tawhid’s leader Abd al-Qadr al-Salah who recently tweeted the formation of a new rebel Islamist coalition. Wladimir van Wilgenburg provides snapshots of Kurdish leaders Abd al-Hamid Hajj Darwish and Abdulhakim Bashar. Jason Warner assesses the implications of Michel Djotodia’s transition from leader of the Seleka Coalition to presidential leader of the Central African Republic. Animesh Roul comes next with a sketch of Jihadi Demagogue Maulana Masood Azhar of Pakistan. Andrew McGregor concludes the issue with an in-depth look at al-Gama’a al-Islamiya’s Aboud al-Zomor of Egypt.