James MacHaffie is an independent analyst based in Japan. His research focuses on Chinese foreign and defense policy, as well as broader topics relevant to Asia-Pacific security. He holds a doctorate in international politics from the University of Leicester, and has published in Comparative Strategy, Alternatives, and the Australian Journal of Maritime & Ocean Affairs.
Introduction Recent clashes between India and China over the Line of Actual Control (LAC) have created a potential existential crisis for the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). The dispute flared up