This nation of five million people between Ukraine and Romania, independent since 1991, finds its territorial and political integrity under attack. The Dniester river, flowing south to the Black Sea, divides the country into predominantly ethnic Russian and ethnic Romanian territories.

Troops of the Russian Federation continue to occupy the Russian region, called Transdniester, in violation of a 1994 agreement that provided for their withdrawal within three years. Last week, Russia’s Defense Minister