K. Joseph Spears has degrees in biology, economics and law and is a principal of the Horseshoe Bay Marine Group. He recently contributed to the Arctic Council’s Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment 2009 Report.
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Articles by Joseph Spears
In a warming and changing Arctic, China is stepping up its activities in the Arctic Ocean Basin. While China’s interests and policy objectives in the Arctic Ocean Basin remain unclear,
China is very dependent on international shipping for its economic development. Any changes to world shipping routes will have a direct impact on China’s economy and potential trade with respect