In a detailed analysis of economic change in Russia, Leonid Kosals suggested in Znaniye-Sila (no. 3) that there is as yet little competition in the Russian market. Instead, he suggested, powerful, vertically integrated but informal “clans” dominate the situation, dividing up property and dealing with each other and the state in non-market ways. Such clans are not new, Kosals said. They existed in Soviet times as well, but then they were subject to the dictates of the Communist party nomenklatura. Now, that control is gone, and the discipline of the market has not taken its place.
Dudayev Calls on Balts to Recognize Chechen Independence.