Publication: Monitor Volume: 1 Issue: 126

Kazakhstan’s foreign minister Kasymzhomart Tokayev yesterday also cited Gore as reassuring Kazakhstan that the US agrees that the Caspian Sea should have international legal status as a sea, giving each coastal state the right to demarcate its own sector and independently to arrange for the development of mineral resources. (17)

Russia (with lip service from Iran) insists that the Caspian is legally a lake. Under international law, a lake’s riparian states may not divide it into national sectors and independently develop its resources. Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan seek sectoral division and independent development of resources in cooperation with Western firms.

1. Russia’s Radio, Komsomolskaya pravda, October 31

2. Interfax, October 31

3. Interfax, October 30

4. Interfax, November 1

5. Gantemirov attacked Zavgayev on TV for having ceded power to Dzhokhar Dudayev back in 1991 when Zavgayev was Supreme Soviet chairman, and Zavgayev replied that he could cooperate with Gantemirov "to the extent possible and necessary."

6. In central Grozny yesterday, more than 1,000 Chechens, according to Moscow’s version, demonstrated against Zavgayev’s appointment and in support of Dudayev, calling for independence and the withdrawal of Russian troops. The Russian command in Grozny reported that a colonel and a captain were among Russian soldiers killed in the preceding 24 hours. Russian authorities also announced yesterday that they had detained Tamerlan Avtorkhanov, son of Abdurakhman Avtorkhanov, the ethnic Chechen emigre author of The Apparat and other classical works in the field of communist studies. (Itar-Tass and Interfax, November 1).

7. Russian TV, October 30; Moskovskie novosti, October 29-November 5

8. Itar-Tass, Interfax, Russian TV, October 30 through November 1

9. Interfax, October 31

10. BNS, October 31 and November 1

11. BNS and Interfax, October 31 and November 1

12. BNS, October 31

13. Interfax-Ukraine, October 31

14. Basapress and Flux, October 30

15. Interfax and Itar-Tass, October 31 and November 1

16. Interfax, October 31 and November 1

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