Captain (ret.) Andriy Ryzhenko is a former officer in the Ukrainian Navy. He retired from the Armed Forces of Ukraine with the rank of Navy Captain. Capt. Ryzhenko served over 35 years at sea and ashore: aboard surface warships, at Ukrainian Navy HQ on maritime tactics and PfP exercises, and as defense and strategic planner. He also worked on Ukrainian Navy transformation to Euro-Atlantic standards and on the contribution to NATO-led operations and NATO Response Forces. He served in NATO on partner nation units’ evaluation methodology (OCC E&F) at SHAPE (Mons, Belgium), and he developed maritime aspects of the National Security Strategy in Ukraine.
*To read Part One, please click here. A constant drumbeat of Russian propaganda and sensationalist international reporting has created the impression that Russia’s naval forces are much more formidable
In the last decade, Russia has increasingly sought to show off its muscles to the rest of the world. Extensive Russian propaganda has focused on purported successes in the country’s